This section concentrates on Prime numbers and on some of the other well known numbers seen in scripture.
Prime numbers are those that cannot be divided by other numbers. They in essence stand alone and can take on unique significance. These prime numbers run in a series such as 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,17…
As we look at such numbers in depth, we can see that they can take on great significance, especially when associated with other numbers.
If you look at the number 13 for example, it has its own meaning, but it is also the sixth of a series. It can therefore also take on the meaning of the number 6. The following number (17) is the seventh of the series and so can be an expression of the number 7.
We also share here on other numbers with which many people are familiar. For example, Jesus chose many disciples, some of whom He called Apostles. The bible reveals that He had many more than 12, including a group that were not numbered in John 6:66, the 70 in Luke 10:1, the 120 in Acts 1:15 and the 500 plus in 1 corinthians 15:6.
Other numbers are described in the next list below.
The number one is the symbol of unity. This number is not divisible and is not made up of a combination of any other numbers.
There cannot be more than one first and is independent of all others numbers. It is the source of all numbers.
This speaks of deity.
The First Commandment declares “Thou shalt have no other Gods”. Exodus 20:3. Deuteronomy 6:4 states, “Hear, O Israel, the Lord thy God is one Lord.”
This excludes any other god and as a result, excludes idolatry.
The number one is the beginning of something. Genesis 1:1 states, In the beginning—God. When looking at the Deity of Jesus, John 1:1 states In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God. Additional references reveal that nothing was made without Him and they all things were created by Him and for Him. See Colossians 1:16 and Revelation 4:11.
We can conclude therefore that this number is unique and speaks of one God, one plan of God, one saviour, only one way to heaven because “Salvation is of the Lord” (see Exodus 14:13; 2 Chronicles 20:17; Jonah 2:9) and only one access to God, namely through Jesus Christ and no other.
God is first and before all.
“Thus saith the Lord, the King of Israel, And his redeemer the Lord of hosts: I am the first, and I am the last; And beside Me there is no God.” Isaiah 44:6
“Hearken unto Me, O Jacob, and Israel My called;I am He; I am the first, I also am the last.
Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, And My right hand hath spanned the heavens.” Isaiah 48:12-13
“Before Me there was no God formed, Neither shall there be after Me.
I, even, I, am the LORD; And beside Me there is no Savior.” Isaiah 43:10-11
“I am Alpha and Omega, The first and the last.” Revelation 1:11, 17; 2:8; 22:13
Number one spoke of everything that is sovereign, such as unity and that there is no other.
The next number is the first number by which we can divide another. This immediately speaks of division. It describes contrast and is opposite of the first number. If one excludes difference, two then affirms it. If one says there is not another, two then says that there is another and that the difference between the two is comparing good with evil, or light with dark. It can even speak of opposition or contradiction.
It is the first number by which we can divide another, and therefore in all its uses we may trace this fundamental idea of division or difference.
In the creation account, seen in Genesis 1:1,-2, we see that something happened to bring about a state of chaos, ruin, confusion, misery, sorrow, an empty waste and the like. The key words in the Hebrew are Haya (became), Tohu (void, empty, waste) and Bohu (void, empty, waste). The word for darkness is Hoshek, that relates to “the dark”, destruction, death and the like.
We are not certain how, when and why this happened.
In Genesis 1:4, God saw the light He had commanded to appear and then divided that light from the darkness. The Hebrew word to look at is Badal that means severed.
God had now created a second thing—light. God had divided the light from the darkness.
In Genesis 1:6, God commanded another division. Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters and then there was the second day.
The number two therefore speaks about “something different” or a separation of something.
The second chapter of Genesis reveals how sin came and the appearance of something different—the serpent. He introduced sin, discord and death. We then see another division, when in Genesis 3:15, God brought enmity between the seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent.
The number two then becomes associated with incarnation and with the second Person of the Trinity, “the second Man,” “the last Adam.” Adam was the first man and he fell, but the Second Adam, the Lord Jesus Christ restored everything.
The bible is divided into two testaments, the Old and the New.
Throughout the bible we see two characters together, such as Abraham and Lot; Isaac and Ishmael; Jacob and Easu; Moses and Aaron; Moses and Joshua; David and Jonathan; Peter and John; Paul and Silas; Paul and other events. Jesus sent the disciples out in pairs.
This also indicates that the number two speaks of fellowship and companionship; balance and safety etc.
The number two can also relate to help, confirmation and fellowship. Ecclesiastes 4:9 states, Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour. For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up. Moreover, if two lie together, then they have heat; but how shall one be warm alone? And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him.
The number three introduces a new perspective viewpoint. It represents Divine fulness. Colossians 2:9 states, And in Christ dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.
The new set of phenomena seen in the number three brings depth and substance, or solidarity. The number three is the first geometrical figure. Length and breadth can be measured but only on a plane figure. By adding a third dimension or measurement, we can create substance, such as a cube. This embraces length, breadth and height.
Paul’s prayer for us in Ephesians 3:14-21 talks about how we are to possess revelation of Jesus, or be able to comprehend the length, breadth and height of all that God has done for us.
The number three stands for that which is solid, real, substantial, complete and entire.
God has the attributes of omniscience, omnipresence, and omnipotence.
There are “three persons in one God—the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.”
The Seraphim cry, “Holy, Holy, Holy”—one for each of the three persons in the Trinity (Isaiah 6:3). See also Revelation 4:8.
There are three great divisions in time—past, present, and future.
Our human capabilities embrace thought, word, and deed.
The blessing pronounced in Numbers 6:23–24 has three component elements
- The Lord bless thee and keep thee (the Father);
- The Lord make His face shine upon thee; and be gracious unto thee (the Son);
- The Lord lift up His countenance upon thee, and give thee peace” (the Holy Spirit).
Three persons appear to Abraham in Genesis 18:2. Abraham “looked, and, lo, three men stood by him” but verse 1 declares that it was “Jehovah appeared unto him.” Abraham addressed them both as one and as three. We read first that “they said,” then “he said,” and then in Genesis 18:13 and 17, 20, “And the Lord said.” The account ends with “And the Lord went His way.” Genesis 18:33
The word fulness appears three times in the New Testament.
- The fulness of God. Ephesians 3:19
- The fulness of Christ. Ephesians 4:13
- The fulness of the Godhead. Colossians 2:9
Abraham brought “three measures of meal” for his heavenly guest.
Three measures of meal formed the meal offering. No particular quantity of meal was prescribed in Leviticus, but Numbers 15:9 states, “Then shall he bring with the bullock a meal offering of three tenth deals of flour.”
This was the measure for the whole burnt offering, and also for great special occasions such as the New Moon and the New Year, etc.
It was also the special measure for the cleansing of the leper according to Leviticus 14:10. Such a person could receive the anointing that was given only to the Prophet, Priest, and King! Sinners and no one else could also receive the priestly consecration. Leprosy is a type of sin and now sinners who are lost,and dead in trespasses and sins can be anointed with the Spirit, and made, in Christ, kings and priests unto God.
The Feasts of the Lord seen in the Old Testament, particularly in Leviticus 23 are comprised of three major festivals.
Each one of them was ordered by God as they speak volumes about Jesus and the plan of salvation.
The number 4 is the first number that is able to be divided and is divided equally by the number 2. It is also comprised by the addition of the numbers one and three. Both number s speak in some way about Divinity—namely, one God and the Trinity comprising God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit.
In the creation account of Genesis chapter one, material creation was completed. The number four therefore refers to everything that is created. In Genesis 2:10–11, one river is mentioned and it was parted to became into four heads, the fourth of which was the Euphrates. Three of those rivers were not named.
Creation is comprised of four different portions or elements:
- Earth, air, fire, and water
- North, south, east, and west
- Spring, summer, autumn, and winter
- Morning, noon, evening, and midnight. Jesus spoke of His return in Mark 1:35 as evening, midnight, cock-crowing, or in the morning
- There are four variations of the lunar phases
- Jeremiah, Daniel and Zechariah mention four winds of heaven
In Genesis 3:22–24 four cherubim are mentioned and they are always associated with creation. We see them in Genesis 2:15 guarding the tree of life. They are seen in connection with atonement, situated on the Mercy Seat of the Ark of the Covenant.
They are seen on the veil in the Tabernacle.
Four cheribum are seen in Revelation chapter four. Here that are called Σῶα, “the living creatures” who announce the Coming One; sing of creation and of Him who created all things, and for whose pleasure they were created in Revelation 4:11. Whenever they speak it is in connection with the earth. These call forth and announce the judgments or plagues in Revelation 6.
Cheribum are not to be worshiped because they are not Divine. All likeness of God is forbidden. Cheribum are associated with God’s throne and are different to the angels, not seemingly dispatched on assignments as are the angels. Angels also arfe not to be worshiped.
There is a four-fold division of mankind of lands, tongues, families and nations. There is a four-fold description of the generations of Noah in Genesis 10.
The number five is comprised of four plus one.
We have seen that there is one God and that He is manifest in creation.
We now come to another revelation of God and His purpose with the number 5. There is an order of progression insofar as we see:
We see that because of the fall after creation, redemption had to follow. The number five therefore typifies grace.
Genesis 11 reveals the generations of man after the incident at Babel. Abram suddenly appears. In Genesis 12:1, we see that God had called Abram... God took the initiative. God made covenant with Abram and in Genesis 15:1-8 , continues with a profound promise that we all hold dear. Abram asked God how this could be and Genesis 15:9 was the answer.
Then he said to him, “I am Adonai, who brought you out from Ur-Kasdim to give you this land as your possession.” He replied, “Adonai, God, how am I to know that I will possess it?” He answered him, “Bring me a three-year-old cow, a three-year-old female goat, a three-year-old ram, a dove and a young pigeon.” Genesis 15:7-9
God asked for 5 sacrifices:
- a heifer
- a goat
- a ram
- a dove
- a pigeon
His covenant promises to Abraham were unconditional and applied to his seed forever.
Grace is associated with sacrifice.
Grace is associated with favor.
Romans 3:24 reveals that we are freely justified by grace. This is reinforced in Ephesians chapter two, showing that all our self-effort and religious observances avail nothing. Salvation is a free gift.
When we meet God and experience forgiveness for sin and receive the free gift of salvation leading to eternal life, we are transformed into something new. We in essence become a new creation and this is what Paul described in 2 Corinthians 5:17-18. It is like the experience a grub or caterpillar has when it goes into a coccoon and emerges as a beautiful butterfly.
This transformational experience occurs when God the Holy Spirit comes to reside within us. We become His temple. Part of God becomes part of us. To elaborate look at Abram again. In Genesis 17:5, God changed his name from Abram to Abraham. He did so by inserting part of His own name to Abram’s name.
This change, is the fifth letter of the alphabet, ה (Hey) and this is the symbol of the number five.
אברם, Abram, became םהרבא AbraHam.
God took the initiative here, not Abram. He changed Abram when He called the man to “walk before God” in a very special manner.
He was to look for the promised “seed” from no earthly source, so he was to “walk by faith and not by sight.”
It was at this moment that God revealed Himself for the first time by His name of EL SHADDAI, the all bountiful One!
When God delivered Israel out of Egypt (a type of sin), He commanded Moses to build the Tabernacle in Exodus 25:8-9, so that He could dwell with His people. God demanded that the Tabernacle had to be built in strict accord with a pattern pattern.
This pattern continues through into The Church that Jesus is building and we cannot deviate from it.
The Tabernacle had precise dimensions. The number 5 appears consistently throughout its construciton, either directly or indirectly. For example, the dimensions given were 100 cubits, 50 cubits, 30 cubits, 25 cubits and so on, every one being divisable by 5.
Everything about the Tabernacle spoke in some way about Jesus and Calvary. That is grace!
The number six can be made up of several combinations of other numbers.
It can be comprised of 3 plus 3, 4 plus 2, 5 plus 1 or 7 minus 1.
In the instance of 5+1 this represents an attempt to add to God’s grace. It cannot be done.
3 Speaks of Divine perfection. If 6 equals 3+3, it is an attempt to “double up” on what is already perfect. If it is 2 times 3, then that speaks of trying to introduce something new, or present something different...a substitute as presented by new age and alternative religions. They are mans’ perception of God.
The number 7 describes spiritual perfection as seen next. The number 6 therefore falls short of such perfection.
6 represents mans’ world.
Man was created on the 6th day.
The serpent appears on the 6th day.
The 6th Commandment relates to mans’ worst sin—murder.
Man labors for 6 days.
The way we measure time consists of 24 hours (4X6), the division of day and night each of 12 hours (4x3, 2+6), there are 12 months in our year, our hour is comprised of 60 minutes (6x10) and our minute is made up of 60 seconds
From early times, mans’ efforts and labor were measured by units containing the number 6. The Great Pyramid is an example where we see the foot (12 inches) and other measurements of 18 (3x6), 24 (4x6), 30 (5x6), and 36 (6x6) or 62.
The number 6 is associated with “the curse”, labor and sorrow.
Cain’s Descendants are given only as far as the sixth generation.
Jesus was accused of having a devil six times (Matthew 12:24, Mark 3:22, John 7:20, John 8:48, John 8:52, John 10:20 and Luke 11:15)
He was asked for a sign six times in Six times by the Pharisees (Matthew 12:38; Mark 8:11), the Sadducees (Matthew 16:1), the disciples (Matthew 24:3; Mark 13:4), the people (Luke 11:16), Jews (John 2:18), the people (John 6:30).
Six persons bore testimony to the Savior’s innocence. They were, Pilate (Luke 23:14), Herod (Luke 23:15), Judas (Matthew 27:3), Pilate’s wife (Matthew 27:19), the thief on the cross (Luke 23:41), the centurion (Luke 23:47).
The Hebrew word for the number seven is שֶׁבַע (shevah). It is from the root שָׁבַע (savah), to be full or satisfied or have enough of.
God rested on the seventh day because, from the Hebrew meanings, everything was full and complete, good and perfect.
Linked with these words are the word שָׁבַת (Shavath), that means to cease, desist and rest and שַׁבָּת Shabbath that means Sabbath, or day of rest.
We divide our time into one week of seven days.
There are seven groups of colors of the spectrum and a rainbow.
Music is comprised of seven notes on the scale and the 8th is a repetition of the first.
Another derivative of the core word is שָׁבַע (Shavagh) and we first see this in Genesis 21:31 when Abraham and Abimelech made an oath. The oath was based on 7 ewe lambs and the place was called Beersheba, than means the well of the (seven-fold) oath.
Part of Abimelech’s name is Melek and this means father of my father is king.
God made a seven-fold promise to Abraham in Genesis 12:2–3:
- “I will make of thee a great nation
- And I will bless thee
- And make thy name great
- And thou shalt be a blessing
- And I will bless them that bless thee
- And curse him that curseth thee
- And in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.”
In Exodus 6:6–8, God made a seven-fold blessing to Israel:
- I will bring you out from Egypt
- I will rid you of their bondage
- I will redeem you
- I will take you to Me for a people
- I will be to you a God
- I will bring you in unto the land
- I will give it you
Preceding this, God said “I have” (Exodus 6:4–5) three times:
- I have established My covenant with them
- I have also heard their groaning
- I have remembered My covenant
There was a seven-fold sprinkling of blood in the Tabernacle.
This reveals that God’s plan of salvation, revealed in the Tabernacle worship and fulfilled by Jesus who was our great high priest was perfect, entire and totally efficacious.
On the great Day of Atonement the blood was sprinkled “on the mercy-seat eastward.” This was Godward, done only once done on the mercy-seat. It was to be sprinkled seven times giving a perfect testimony for the people that the atonement for their sins was accomplished.
The directions for the Day of Atonement are given in Leviticus 16 and in Exodus as follows:
- On the mercy-seat (Leviticus 16:14)
- Before the mercy-seat (Leviticus 16:14)
- Before the veil (Leviticus 4:17)
- On the horns of the golden altar (Exodus 30:10)
- On the horns of the brazen altar (Leviticus 16:18)
- Round about upon the altar (Leviticus 16:19)
- The blood that was left poured out at the foot of the brazen altar (Leviticus 4:18)
Judges chapter 6 reveal that there are seven-fold qualifications required to be God’s man.
- Admission of and conviction of his status (Judges 6:11-15)
- A right heart condition (Judges 6:8-13)
- No confidence in the flesh (Judges 6:15)
- Peace with God through grace by Gods gift (Judges 6:17–18, 22–23)
- Worship (Judges 6:24)
- Obedience and faithfulness in small things (Judges 6:25–27)
- Power for great things (Judges 6:33–35 and Judges 7)
There were seven appearances of angels during the life of Jesus on earth.
- To the shepherds (Luke 2:9)
- To Joseph (Matthew 2:13)
- To Joseph (Matthew 2:19)
- After the Temptation (Matthew 4:11)
- In Gethsemane (Luke 22:43)
- At the Resurrection (Matthew 28:2)
- At the Ascension (Acts 1:10)
There are seven titles of Christ in Hebrews:
- Heir of all things (Hebrews 1:2)
- Captain of our salvation (Hebrews 2:10)
- Apostle (Hebrews 3:1)
- Author of salvation, Hebrews 5:9.
- Forerunner (Hebrews 6:20)
- High Priest (Hebrews 10:21)
- Author and finisher of our faith (Hebrews 12:2.)
There are seven occasions Jesus said, "I will"
- Matthew 26:39
- Luke 5:13
- John 6:40
- John 12:32
- John 14:3
- John 17:24
- John 21:22
Interestingly, Jesus said "I am" 14 times. The number 7 can be comprised of 2 times 7.
- I am the messiah John 4:26
- I am the bread of life John 6:35
- I am from above John 8:23
- I am the etgernal one John 8:58
- I am the light of the world John John 9:5
- I am the door John10:7
- I am the good shepherd John 10:11-14
- I am the Son of God John 10:36
- I am the resurrection and the life John 11:25
- I am the Lord and master John 13:13
- I am the way the truth and the life John 14:6
- I am the true vine John15:1
- I am rthe Alpha and the Omega Revelation 1:8
- I am the first and the last Revelation 1:17
When He was arrested in the garden and asked Whom seek ye? in John 18:7, He replied, "I am he". John 18:8. The word "he" was not in the original texts and is italicized in the KJV, so it should read ," I Am". I recommend you visit the pages I Am and I am he.
The Book of Revelation contains references to the number seven and the exhortation “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches” is prevalent.
There are seven seals and seven trumpets.
There is much more that can be shared, including, as with many other numbers, an association with other numbers, but this gives the idea of the enormous significance to the number seven.
In Hebrew the number eight is שמנה (Shʾmoneh), taken from the root שמן (Shahʾmeyn) and it means to make fat, to cover with fat, to super-abound or one who abounds in strength and so on.
It also means superabundant fertility and oil, so this number speaks about abundance.
It heralds the new beginning of something. The number seven was the day of completion and rest, so the number 8 introduces the start of something new.
God made seven covenants with Abraham and on the eighth, when Abraham was about to sacrifice Isaac, God prevented it and established the final covenant in Genesis 22:15-18.
In Joseph’s story, there were 8 significant stages, 7 of which were before Jacob’s death and the 8th happened afterwards, speaking of a future resurrection.
There were eight commands in all, seven of which were by Jehovah (Exodus 20:8; Deuteronomy 5:12, 23:12, 31:13;, 34:21 and Leviticus 19:3, 30; 23:3 and one by Moses in Exodus 35:2
David was the 8th son of Jesse. We see something interesting here because he is called the seventh in 1 Chronicles 2:15.
1 Samuel 16:6 and 1 Samuel 17:12 describe hi as being the 8th but because of the death of one son without issue the genealogies changed. David would otherwise be called “the seventh” in 1 Chronicles 2:15.
The number 8 is specially associated with resurrection and regeneration and the beginning of a new era or order.
According to 2 peter 2:5, Noah was the 8th person and 8 souls were preserved. See 1 Peter 3:20.
Circumcision was to be performed on the eighth day (Genesis 17:12).
The first-born was to be given to Jehovah on the eighth day (Exodus 22:29–30).
Elijah performed 8 miracles whilst Elisha performed 16 (2 X 8).
The Feast of Tabernacles lasted eight days.
The Transfiguration took place on the eighth day after the Lord first mentioned His “sufferings”.
3 is the symbol of the first plane figure and 4 is the first square. Eight is the first cubic number (at cube of two, 2x2x2).
This indicates perfection. The Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle and later in the Temple were cubic shaped. In the Tabernacle it was a cube of 10 cubits. In the Temple it was a cube of 20 cubits. In revelation 20, New Jerusalem will be a cube of 12,000 furlongs. Other studies indicate that the “window” in Noah’s ark was a cubic shape.
This number is also unique in that it has a reference to Jesus.
It is the number of His name, ΙΗΣΟΥΣ. If we look at the Greek letters and associate numerical values to them as seen here, there is a precise pattern.
Ι = 10
Η = 8
Σ = 200
Ο = 70
Υ = 400
Σ = 200
Ι+Η+Σ+Ο+Υ+Σ = 888
The number nine is the last of the digits and so marks the end of something. It is the conclusion of a matter.
It can be made up of combinations of other numbers and has a relationship of sorts to the number 6 (3+3=6). we consider other The sum of its factors equals 9 (3x3=9).
This number when seen in scripture points to the end of man and the summation of all man’s works. Nine is therefore the number of finality or judgment.
There has been 27 sieges of Jerusalem (3 times 9).
9 judgments are recorded in Haggai 1:11.
There are 9 gifts of the Holy spirit in 1 Corinthians 12:8-10.
The bible reveals the stoning of 9 people:
- The blasphemer (Leviticus 24:14)
- The Sabbath-breaker (Numbers 15:36)
- Achan (Joshua 7:25)
- Abimelech (Judges 9:53)
- Adoram (1 Kings 12:18)
- Naboth (1 Kings 21:10)
- Zechariah (2 Chronicles 24:21)
- Stephen (Acts 7)
- Paul (Acts 14:19)
Nine widows are specially mentioned in the bible:
- Tamar (Genesis 38:19)
- The woman of Tekoah (2 Samuel 14:5)
- Hiram’s mother (1 Kings 7:14)
- Zeruah (1 Kings 11:26)
- The woman of Zarephath (1 Kings 17:9)
- The poor widow (Mark 12:42)
- Anna (Luke 2:37)
- The widow of Nain (Luke 7:12)
- The importunate widow (Luke 18:3)
There are nine specifically mentioned accounts of blindness and nine of leprosy in the bible.
Ten is one of the perfect numbers and it is the first of a completely new series of numbers. It is the commencement of the decimal system.
The number 10 signifies the perfection of Divine order, completeness of order and that the whole cycle of something is complete and that nothing is wanting.
Noah is seen first and he is the tenth recorded generation.
Abraham’s Faith was proved by a completed cycle of ten trials:
- His departure from Haran.
- His flight to Egypt from the famine.
- In the seizure of Sarah.
- In his war to rescue Lot.
- In his taking Hagar.
- In his circumcision.
- In the second seizure of Sarah at Gerar.
- In the expulsion of Ishmael.
- In the expulsion of Hagar.
- In the offering of Isaac.
There were ten plagues in Egypt.
God gave Moses the The Ten Commandments.
Ten tithes are listed.
The Redemption Money was ten gerahs.
Antichrist’s world power is comprised in the ten kingdoms, symbolized by the ten toes on the feet of the image of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream and Daniel’s vision.
There are ten main words in Psalm 119, that speaks of God’s word. They are:
Jesus said “I Am ten” times in John
- I am the bread of life (John 6:35)
- I am the bread of life which came down from heaven (John 6:41)
- I am the living bread (John 6:51)
- I am the light of the world (John 8:12)
- I am One that bear witness of Myself (John 8:18)
- I am the door of the sheep (John 10:7, 9)
- I am the Good Shepherd (John 10:14)
- I am the resurrection and the life (John 14:6)
- I am the way, the truth, and the Life (John 14:6)
- I am the true vine (John 15:1, 5)
See also the pages I Am and I Am He
The number eleven is something that either tries to add to that which is perfect of take something away from it.
For example, ten is the number which marks the perfection of Divine order, so eleven is trying to add to it and is actually subversive of it and so tries to detract from God’s order.
The number twelve speaks about the perfection of Divine government, seen next.
Eleven therefore falls short of it. 11 is the number which marks, disorder, disorganization, imperfection, and disintegration.
The word of God does not say much about it, but what is seen reveals the pattern.
For example, there were eleven dukes of Edom (Genesis 36:40–43) and much hatred existed between Israel and Edom.
Jacob had eleven sons who had a bad influence in the family.
The distance from Horeb to Kadesh Barnea was a journey of eleven days (Deuteronomy 1:2). If that head remained faithful, one extra day, making it twelve in all, would have brought them into the fullness of all that God had for them.
An analysis of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas reveals factors including the number 11. The disorder that existed led to the disintegration of Israel.
Jehoiakim Reigned Eleven Years. Nebuchadnezzar arrived. The account is seen in 2 Kings 23:36; 24:1 and 2 Chronicles 36:5, 6.
Zedekiah Reigned Eleven Years when Nebuchadnezzar put an end to Israel’s rule in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:11; Jeremiah 52:1; Jeremiah 39:2).
The Eleventh Year in which Ezekiel prophesied against Tyre (Ezekiel 26:1) and against Egypt (30:20 and 31:1) was the eleventh year of Zedekiah in which Jerusalem was broken up.
Jesus was about 33 years (3x11) when He was “cut off,” and “we see not yet all things put under Him” (Daniel 9:26; Hebrews 2:8).
Eleven kings and rulers had influence on Israel.
- Pharaoh (Exodus 10:28)
- Balak (Numbers 24:10)
- Jeroboam (1 Kings 13:4)
- Ahab (1 Kings 22:27)
- Naaman (2 Kings 5:12)
- Asa (2 Chronicles 16:10)
- Joash (2 Chronicles 24:21)
- Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:19)
- Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 26:21)
- Zedekiah (Jeremiah 32:3)
- Herod (Matthew 14:3)
Joseph was eleven years in Potiphar’s house. He was 17 years old when sold (Genesis 37:2, 36). He was 2 years in prison (Genesis 42:1) and he was 30 years of age when he stood before Pharaoh (Genesis 41:46). The numbers equate to 11 (30–17-2 = 11).
Twelve is a perfect number that describes God’s prefect rule or government.
In nature, the sun rules the day, and the moon and stars which govern the night. What is called the great circle of the heavens is divided into 360 degrees (12X30) and we use this measurement in our calendars.
Twelve is the product of 3 times 4. The number 3 speaks of Divinity and the number 4 describes the earthly.
We can also obtain 12 by adding 5 (grace) and 7 (spiritual perfection).
There Were Twelve Patriarchs from Seth to Noah and his family, and twelve from Shem to Jacob.
There were twelve Tribes of Israel
There were twelve Judges or Saviours.
The Temple of Solomon was constructed with the number twelve as a predominating factor. The Tabernacle had the number five.
Jesus chose a group of disciples, from which He chose 12 whom He called Apostles.
There are twelve foundations in the heavenly Jerusalem. We see twelve gates, twelve pearls, twelve angels.
New Jerusalem will be 12,000 furlongs square. The wall wall will be 144 (12x12) cubits. See Revelation 21:16–17.
The number of the sealed in Revelation 7:4 will be 144,000, and all that has to do with the Twelve Tribes.
There were 12 gemstones in the high priest’s breastplate
!2 stones taken out of the Jordan
!2 spies were sent out
12 Legions of angels were mentioned in Matthew 26:53
12 persons were anointed
- Aaron (Exodus 29:7-9)
- Nadab (Exodus 29:7-9)
- Abihu (Exodus 29:7, 9)
- Eleazar (Exodus 29:7-9)
- Ithamar (Exodus 29:7-9
- Saul (1 Samuel 10:1)
- David (1 Samuel 16:13)
- Absalom (2 Samuel 19:10)
- Solomon (1 Kings 1:39)
- Jehu (2 Kings 9:6)
- Joash (2 Kings 11:12)
- Jehoahaz (2 Kings 23:30)
Jesus was twelve years of age was Jesus when He first appeared in public and uttered His first-recorded words (Luke 2:42)
Some people consider the number 13 to be an “unlucky number”. We do not think that there is such a thing as “luck” and see no association with such things at all. If anything, the number 13 has sometimes been considered as having a connection to the number 8.
The only references we could find are that 13 famines are recorded in scripture as follows:
2 Samuel 21:1
1 Kings 18:1
2 Kings 4:38
2 Kings 7:4
2 Kings 25:3
The number 14 is a multiple of the number 7 (2X7).
The number seven speaks about spiritual perfection, therefore this implies a double measure of spiritual perfection.
The genealogy of Jesus is divided up into sets of 14 (2x7) generations.
Two is often associated with incarnation.
We would advise you to conduct your own research into the significance of this number. Our own studies reveal that the phrase “the fear of the Lord” appears 14 times in Proverbs1:7, 29; 2:5; 8:13; 9:10; 10:27; 14:26–27; 15:16, 33; 16:6; 19:23; 22:4; 23:17.
Fifteen is a multiple of five (3X5) and as such can combine the meanings of each of those two numbers. Three speaks of Divine perfection and 5 represents grace. Therefore the number 15 can speak about God’s acts of grace
If we look at two letters comprising 15, they are 10 and 5. In the Hebrew 10 is Yod and 5 is Hey.
These two letters are part of the Name of God… Jah.
Fifteen is also a product of adding 8 + 7. This may also relate to new beginnings and resurrection.
We see examples in Scripture as follows:
The Ark was borne by the Flood fifteen cubits upwards (Genesis 7:20)
Hezekiah was granted an additional 15 years of life 2 Kings 20:6)
When Esther intervened, the Jews were delivered from death on the fifteenth day of the month (Esther 9:18, 21)
Bethany was fifteen furlongs from Jerusalem. This is where Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead (John 11:1)
It is also the place from which He ascended.
When Paul was going go Rome, his ship anchored safely in fifteen fathoms on the 14th day, after thirteen days of storm (Acts 27:21)
The feast of unleavened bread was on the fifteenth day of the first month (Leviticus 23:6)
The feast of Tabernacles was on the fifteenth day of the seventh month was (Leviticus 23:34)
We see a beautiful illustration of sequences of numbers in Romans 8.
I recommend that you break down individual verses and when you do so, you will see a pattern of tings that once were, what happened, when they happened and there results of what happened.
We see closure on some things, a new beginning of something else, the grace of God manifest in others and the result of this manifestation of His grace.
When we look at the status of those who have received Jesus and have had their sins forgiven and obliterated and how we rose with Jesus, we can see it is all working to a plan.
In this section, we are looking a the number 1 but there are other sequences of numbers involved.
The wonderful conclusion of the chapter is as follows:
Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
The passage may be broken down into 2 sections. The first comprises a group of 7 that are essentially posed in question form.
“Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall…
The answer is found in the second part, made up of 10 elements.
as it is written, For Thy sake are we killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him that loved us. For I am persuaded, that,
- Neither death
- Nor life
- Nor angels
- Nor principalities
- Nor things present
- Nor things to come
- Nor powers
- Nor height
- Nor depth
- Nor any other creature
shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
We see here in these 17 elements, the statue of a believer’s standing in Christ.
We see another illustration in Hebrews 12:18–24, where the Old Dispensation and the New are thus contrasted:
For we are not coming, as Moses did, to a physical mountain with its burning fire, thick clouds of darkness and gloom, and with a raging whirlwind. We are not those who are being warned by the jarring blast of a trumpet and the thundering voice; the fearful voice that they begged to be silenced. They couldn’t handle God’s command that said, “If so much as an animal approaches the mountain it is to be stoned to death!”
The astounding phenomena Moses witnessed caused him to shudder with fear and he could only say, “I am trembling in terror!”
By contrast, we have already come near to God in a totally different realm, the Zion-realm, for we have entered the city of the Living God, which is the New Jerusalem in heaven!
We have joined the festal gathering of myriads of angels in their joyous celebration!
And as members of the church of the Firstborn all our names have been legally registered as citizens of heaven! And we have come before God who judges all, and who lives among the spirits of the righteous who have been made perfect in his eyes!
And we have come to Jesus who established a new covenant with his blood sprinkled upon the mercy seat; blood that continues to speak from heaven, “forgiveness,” a better message than Abel’s blood that cries from the earth, “justice.”
Let us see:
- Ye are not come Unto the mount that might be touched,
- And that burned with fire,
- Nor unto blackness,
- And darkness,
- And tempest,
- And the sound of a trumpet,
- And the voice of words…
but ye are come
- Unto Mount Zion
- And unto the city of the living God
- The heavenly Jerusalem
- And to an innumerable company of angels
- To the general assembly
- And church of the firstborn which are written in heaven
- And to God the judge of all
- And to the spirits of just men made perfect
- And to Jesus the Mediator of the New Covenant
- And to the blood of sprinkling that speaketh better things than that of Abel”
Once more we see that the blessings of the New Covenant are “higher” than those of the Old.The Old group of 7 were spiritually based on The Law, but the New is baed on Divine grace.
Seventeen appearances of angels are recorded in the Gospels and Acts:
- To Joseph (Matthew 1:20)
- To Joseph (matthew 2:13)
- To Joseph (Matthew 2:19)
- To the Lord in the wilderness (Matthew 4:11)
- In Gethsemane (Luke 22:43)
- At the sepulchre (Matthew 28:2)
- In the sepulchre (Mark 16:5)
- To Zacharias (Luke 1:11)
- To Mary (Luke 1:26)
- To the Shepherds (Luke 2:9)
- To the Shepherds (Luke 13)
- At the pool of Bethesda (John 5:4)
- To the disciples (Acts 1:11)
- To the disciples in prison (Acts 5:19)
- To Cornelius (Acts 10:3)
- To Peter in prison (Acts 12:7)
- To Paul (Acts 27:23)
Composite numbers are those that are attained by combinations of other numbers. For example, the number 20 is reached by combinations of 2, 4, 5, 10 and so on. Such numbers convey their own unique significance, but may also take on the meanings of the prime numbers and other number associations.
The number twenty Is complex, being reached by combinations of the numbers, 2, 5 and 10 (2X10, 2X5 + 2X5).
Please refer to the meanings of those numbers.
If we consider the number 21 that follows in the next section, it is one short of 21. The number 21 is a three-fold expression of the number 7. Three is the number representing Divinity and 7 is the expression of spirit perfection.
It comes short of this state.
It can also represent a state of expectancy as seen in the following examples in scripture:
- Jacob waited 20 years to get possession of his wives and property, Genesis 31:38, 41.
- Israel waited for 20 years for a deliverer from Jabin’s oppression, Judges 4:3.
- Israel waited for 20 years for for deliverance through Samson, Judges 15:20, 16:31. His work was never much more than “begun,” Judges 13:25.
- The Ark of the Covenant was 20 years at Kirjath-jearim, 1 Samuel 7:2.
- Solomon waited 20 years for the completion of the two houses, 1 Kings 9:10; 2 Chronicles 8:1.
- There was a 20 year span concerning the capture of Jerusalem and its destruction. Jeremiah prophesied about this for 20 years.
Twenty dreams are recorded in scripture:
- Abimelech (Genesis 20:3)
- Jacob (Genesis 28:12)
- Jacob (Genesis 31:10)
- Laban (Genesis 31:24)
- Joseph (Genesis 37:5)
- Joseph (Genesis 37:9)
- The butler (Genesis 40:5)
- The baker (Genesis 40:5)
- Pharaoh (Genesis 41:1)
- Pharaoh (Genesis 41:5)
- The man in Gideon’s army (Judges 7:13)
- Solomon (1 Kings 3:5)
- Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 2:3)
- Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 4:5)
- Daniel (Daniel 7:1)
- Joseph (Matthew 1:20)
- Joseph, (Matthew 2:13)
- Joseph, (Matthew 2:19)
- The wise men (Matthew 2:13)
- Pilate’s wife (Matthew 27:19)
The number 21 is seen in connection with falling short in that Jeroboam the son of Nebat “made Israel to sin”.
1 Kings 14:16; 15:26, 30, 34; 16:19, 26; 21:22; 22:52; 2 Kings 3:3; 10:29, 31; 13:2, 6, 11; 14:24; 15:9, 18, 24, 28; 17:21; 23:15.
22 is the double of eleven (2X11).
The number 2 is associated with the second person of the Godhead our Lord Jesus Christ who is also known as the Word of God.
The number 11 represents something that tries to add to perfect order (10) or falls short of perfect Divine government (12).
The number 11 describes disorganization and disintegration, especially when it is in connection with the word of God. On such occasions, man has tried to “add to the revealed word of God that has been given to us by Divine revelation, or “spirit breathed” as well as attempting to detract from it. See 2 Timothy 3:15-17; 1 Thessalonians 1:13; 2 Peter 1:19-21; Revelation 22:18-21. Jesus said that His word would abide forever in MArk 13:31. Other references to His word are Luke 4:32; John 6:63-68; John 7:46; John 12:48; John 14:24. John 14:15-23; John 17:6; 1 John 2:3 and Revelation 3:8
It is associated with the worst of Israel’s kings, Jeroboam (1 Kings 14:20) and Ahab (1 Kings 16:29), who each reigned for 22 years.
25, 27, 28, 29
Twenty-Four is a multiple of twelve (2X12) as well as being comprised of other number combinations.
If we consider that the number 2 speaks of the Second person of the Godhead, the Word of God and that the number 12 describes perfect governmental rule, it speaks about heavenly government and worship.
It speaks about redemption and relates to the Tabernacle and to Temple worship.
When God commanded Moses to build the Tabernacle in Exodus, He instructed Moses to build it according to a precise pattern. See exodus 25:8-9 and Hebrews 8:5. When David encouraged Solomon to build the Temple, he mentioned specific patterns. See 1 Chronicles 28:10-12 and the remainder of the chapter.
Revelation 4:4 and revelation 4:10-11 speaks of the 24 elders and associates them with worship.
25 is the square of five (5x5) and so might be an expression of God’s grace.
27 is the cube of three (3X3X3) and can take on the meanings of number 3.
28 is the product of 4 times 7 and so can take on the significance of those numbers.
29 is a combination of the numbers 20 and 9. It can speak about expectation and judgment.
The number 30 is a product of 3 times 10 and is important as it describes a state of maturity, or a high degree of the perfection of Divine order.
Jesus was 30 years of age when He started His ministry.
Joseph was 30 as seen in Genesis 41:46.
David was 30 when he started his reign in 2 Samuel 5:4.
31 is the Hebrew expression אל (El) the name of God. Whenever this is seen it represents deity.
The number 40 is another important number that is often seen in scripture.
It is associated with a period of probation, trial, or chastisement.
It is the product of 5 times 8. The number 5 speaks of grace and the number 8 describes the start of something new such as renewal or revival.
40 is also a combination of the numbers 4 and10 and describes a higher level of dominion.
Scriptures reveal 40-year periods that may be described as a 40-year probation period.
Israel in the wilderness is one. See Deuteronomy 8:2–5; Psalm 95:10; and Acts 13:18.
Moses had 3 periods of 40 years and lied to be 120 years old.
There was a 40 year period from the crucifixion to the destruction of Jerusalem.
There were 40-year periods under different leadership rules.
Othniel (Judges 3:11)
Barak (Judges 5:31)
Gideon (Judges 8:28)
Forty Years of Probation by Prosperity in Enlarged Dominion:
David (2 Samuel 5:4)
Solomon (1 Kings 11:42)
Jeroboam II (2 Kings 12:17–18; 13:3, 5, 7, 22, 25; 14:12–14, 23, 28)
Jehoash (2 Kings 12:1)
Joash (2 Chronicles 24:1)
Israel under the Philistines (Judges 13:1)
Israel in the time of Eli (1 Samuel 4:18)
Israel under Saul (Acts 13:21)
There were 40-year periods of waiting by Moses in Egypt (Acts 7:23) and by Moses in Midian (Acts 7:30).
There are 8 periods of 40 days mentioned in the bible.
Moses was in the mount for 40 days (Exodus 24:18 and Exodus 24:18)
Moses was in the mount for 40 days after the sin of the golden calf (Deuteronomy 9:18, 25)
The spies were in the land for 40 days (Numbers 13:26; 14:34)
Elijah was in Horeb for 40 days (1 Kings 19:8)
There was a 40-day period concerning s of Jonah and Nineveh (Jonah 3:4)
Ezekiel lay on his right side for 40 days to symbolize the 40 years of Judah’s transgression (Ezekiel 4:5)
Jesus was tempted of the Devil for 40 days (Matthew 4:2)
Jesus was seen of His disciples for 40 days, speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God as seen in Acts 1:2.
The number 42 is often associated with antichrist. Another number of Antichrist is 1260 (30x42).
Revelation 11:2; 13:5 says that he will have a 42 month period.
The number 42 is derived by multiplying 6 and 7. The number 6 speaks of man who because of the events of the garden, are effectually in opposition to God. The salvation experience translates us out of that stage and places us into God’s kingdom rule. 42 therefore shows a connection between man and and God.
Israel had 42 stages of conflict with God.
42 young men mocked the transferral of anointing from Elijah to Elisha (2 Kings 2:23–24)
In Gematria (a numerical principle), Nimrod’s name is 294, that is a factor of 42x7. Many names associated with anti-Christian beliefs are associated with this number. Nimrod is seen in Genesis 10.
The number 50 represents Jubilee or deliverance seen in Leviticus chapter 25.
Acts chapter 1 reveals that Jesus was with the disciples for 40 days during which time He taught them things about the kingdom of God.
He commanded them to wait in Jerusalem until the Holy Spirit came as seen in Acts 2.
This account relates to the Jewish feast of Shavuot, or what we know as Pentecost.
During that time the counting of the Omer was made and it lasted for 49 days, or 7 times 7. On the 50th day all debts were canceled, slaves were freed and a new life started for all.
The Holy Spirit arrived on the 50th day.
We include the number 51 because of its significance with regard to scripture that is given by Divine inspiration. We have touched on this previously.
We refer of course to the original languages of Hebrew and Greek. Modern versions lack much of the authenticity of scripture, having been re-written by man for ease of reading, but do not contain the numeric values of which we speak found only in the original.
The original versions therefore form our only true authority.
The number 51 can be viewed as the number of Divine revelation, as applied to scripture. The bible contains 51 books. 24 books are in the Old Testament and 27 books comprise the New Testament.
If we look at the numbers involved in such separation, other number equations are found. 24 is comprised of the numbers 2X12, 3X8, 6+6+6+6 and so on.
The number 70 is a combination of two of the perfect numbers, 7 and 10.
This number signifies perfect spiritual order carried out with true spiritual power and significance.
In Genesis chapter 10, the 70 nations populating the earth are seen.
Genesis 46 makes reference to 70 souls. It is interesting to note that the number 7 is associated with Rachel and Bilhah and that the total genealogy totals 70 persons.
Seventy elders are seen in Israel in Exodus 24:1; and Numbers 11:16. They were later the Sanhedrim.
Jerusalem kept its sabbaths for seventy years, while Judah was in Babylon, Jeremiah 5:11 and seventy sevens were mentioned in Daniel 9:24.
In Luke 10, Jesus sent an additional 70 disciples on ministry assignments.